Summary and Connections

The Summary & Connection Essays should be 1-2 (approx 300 words) pages in length, not including a works cited page and follow the formatting guidelines outlined below. Failure to adhere to these requirements of submission may result in the paper being returned ungraded. Returned papers will need to be resubmitted, and the late policy as stated on the syllabus will be applied. (CO1, CO2, CO3, CO4)

How to Proceed:

1. Read the assigned texts.

2. Read and annotate the texts. Consider some of the following questions:

    • What is the main idea of each paragraph?
    • What is the main idea of the entire text?
    • What are the supporting details that make the main idea clear?
    • How do the points made in the text connect to other texts that you have read?

3. Write a one-paragraph summary of the text (about half of a page in length):

  • Begin with a sentence that summarizes the entire text.
  • Follow that sentence with a summary of the most important supporting details.
  • Make sure the summary is in your own words. Keep quotations and paraphrases to a minimum.

4. Write a paragraph (about half of a page in length) that discusses how the text relates to another text that you have read (connect to only one other text):

  • Explain the main idea of the second text in a sentence or two.
  • Explain how the readings relate (ideas, arguments, styles, etc.).
  • Provide specific examples that illustrate the connection(s).

5. Cite your sources in-text and on a Works Cited page in MLA style.

6. Read your essay and revise for clarity, grammatical error, spelling, etc.

7. Make sure your essay is properly formatted in MLA style.

8. Submit your essay in Canvas.


  • Times New Roman 12-point font
  • One-inch margins
  • Double-spaced throughout
  • MLA-style heading: Name, instructor’s name, course, date
  • Last name, page numbers in the upper-right corner of the header


  • a well-constructed topic sentence that summarizes the entire selection
  • clear explanation of the most important supporting details
  • clear discussion of how the selection connects to other readings
  • effective organization marked by clear transitions from sentence to sentence
  • proper use of the conventions of standard written English
  • proper MLA-style formatting

Writing Center: Take your work to the Writing Center prior to submitting to ensure you submit your best work.


Amy Pittman